Paul C Fisher
Paul C. Fisher, an American specializing in the production of precision bearings for World War II Bomber planes, did not imagine that one day in the future he would revolutionize the writing capability of the ball point pen... and with it, enable communication between astronauts in outer space.
Paul's Mission began in 1945, with the realization that the ball-bearing business would end along with the War. In his job search, he heard about a company seeking to produce a 'ball point' pen. The pen company thus far had an unreliable pen; the only available refills allowed too much ink to flow, leaked, or dried out too soon.
By 1950 Paul Fisher had not only solved the pen refill problems, he began his own production of ball point pens, further improving the performance of the refill and introducing the Bullet pen.
Paul was positively passionate about his pens!
A million dollars in research later, he invented a cartridge that would write in any position, thanks to a refill pressurized with nitrogen gas! Ink stained jackets and pants were gone for good, and a wonderful, smooth performing ball point pen was born.
Paul had another Mission in mind for his pen - he introduced this unique pen cartridge to NASA! The Fisher Pen underwent extensive testing, and was subsequently approved for a trial mission in outer space. In 1968 the Fisher Space Pen was whole-heartedly approved and ordered for use by astronauts on ALL MISSIONS IN SPACE.
On July 21, 1969 the world witnessed the amazing scientific spectacle of the Moon Walk via our televisions. Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin made history! As the astronauts prepared themselves for their return flight home to earth, they realized that their oxygen supply was low... For this team, a failed blastoff was out of the question, the Eagle Lander had to succeed on its first takeoff try. Houston directed the crew to leave behind on the Moon all non-immediate utility items including tool kit, camera, and food. While entering the LEM, an astronaut's backpack brushed against the arming switch to the engine for the lunar module's ascent stage, and accidentally broke it off. A catastrophe was upon them!
Without the tool kit, left behind on the moon, repair attempts were impossible. Under pain of losing oxygen, they could not open the LEM. A solution had to be found, and fast!
Back in Houston, the engineers huddled anxiously in front of a full sized model of the LEM, and simulated the identical breakdown to find a solution. Tensions grew beyond the speakable, but mechanically, and automatically, the specialists fought their nerves and worked to find an answer. After many minutes, an engineer suddenly rushed into the LEM, and used the Fisher Space Pen as a tool to activate the switch and arm the engine. The contact worked and a great cheer of success rang out. The relieved astronauts repeated their launch maneuver and the LEM had a successful takeoff.
As witnessed, the Apollo XI safely returned to earth. Due to the classified nature of this project, these events went as an unrecognized episode of the American Space conquest, until revealed by John McLeaish of NASA Public Relations and reported by Carl W. Ritter in the San Diego Union Journal.
In and out of outer space, in circumstances of serious consequences or just a carefree day in the Sun, all Earthlings can completely rely on the Fisher Space Pen!